Sekisui House-W is testing a pilot project consisting of a home solar power system, a small-sized electrolyzer, hydrogen-absorbing alloy tanks and a fuel cell. The company said the hydrogen storage compounds used in the project have a higher energy density than battery storage.
Researchers from LUT University and Germany’s Regensburg University of Applied Sciences have recently found out whether seasonal hydrogen storage (SHS) can be a cost-effective solution for maximizing self-consumption of solar energy in the coming decades.
The team conducted a global analysis of 145 regions from 2020 to 2050 every five years, using a “least cost” model. Together with SHS, they simulated a photovoltaic system on the roof of a residential building using the LUT-Prosume software. The analysis included detailed forecasts of SHS system component costs from various sources. The SHS components included a water electrolyser, a hydrogen compressor, a storage tank and a fuel cell.
In January, a Dutch consortium led by Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) and social housing organization Woningcorporations connected an existing residential building on the TU Delft campus to an underground hydrogen network, which now meets all space heating and hot water demand.
The results show that SHS can only be expected in narrow off-grid markets in areas limited to North America, Northern Europe and Northwest Eurasia. Lebanon, Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar could also see small amounts of SHS capacity, according to the study.
In addition, a recent study by researchers at the German research center Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH has proposed an optimization model for combining solar energy production from rooftop solar photovoltaic systems with hybrid hydrogen storage in a self-sufficient, well-insulated and highly energy-efficient residential building.